In the far East, also called East Asia, in the framework of foreign Asia includes northeast China, the Japanese Islands, the Korean Peninsula and Eastern China. All these natural of the country, despite the fact that they are significantly different, also have many similarities, due to the geographical unity of the provisions of creation and evolution in parts of the Eastern periphery of Asia in the widest area of contact of the island with the Pacific ocean.
Monsoon circulation affects only the border of Sichuan mountains of the Alps, of the Great Khingan and Ziglina with Central Asia. This explains the seasonal difference in moisture. Adequate heat and humidification has a positive effect on the development of forests, which since prehistoric times but the mountains were covered, and also plain. Modern belese plains is the result of centuries of farming with a high density of rural population.
Flora and fauna, which was formed back in shelters that did not experience glaciation, have differences in their species diversity and antiquity. On equal terms with representatives of the tropics, in this area live animals and plants of temperate and even Arctic climate, that retreated to this place during the time of the Quaternary glaciation of North-East of the mainland and the North, subsequently adapting to the conditions of life in the area. However, besides similarities of climate and biocomponents, are inherent in all countries in East Asia, there are also distinctive features that are characteristic of only one country, and not characteristic of any other country. Thus, historically, the various geological development of island and mainland parts of East Asia led to a unique and special differences of the structure of the relief and the subsoil one and another. Main fold-hat patterns in mainland was formed in the Mesozoic and pre-Cambrian periods.
Manifested active volcanic activity in the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods that was associated with the destruction of the Chinese platform and the subsequent formation vnutriplitnykh folds. Volcanism was also active in island arcs, but not only in the Cenozoic period, while still Anyanka patterns were subjected to active processing, but also in our time there is active volcanic activity, because of geosynclinal development was still not completed. Pretty quietly developed the Western surface of the continent, in this period arose the soft contours of the mountains. Widely developed surface alignment, with broad flat bottoms of river valleys, and some areas had no clear-cut watersheds and had a labyrinthine structure of a river network as a whole. This development cannot be reconciled with tectonic lines and their extension. The topography of island arcs, in contrast to mainland East Asia, reflects all the signs of considerable tectonic youth.
In General, the terrain of East Asia is more contrast, deeper river valleys, and the slopes are still steep. The most remarkable morphological feature of the Islands is to this day active and extinct volcanoes, which are mounted on the folded base of the mountains. Most high mountain ranges that have so perfectly expressed the fingerprints of Quaternary glaciations in the Alps, they are located in the Central part of Honshu island. A series of marine terraces are well recorded greater mobility of the Islands of Japan, as in some places they are raised to a considerable height, and in others lowered below sea level.
There are several factors that favorably contributed to early dense settlement and intensive economic development not only lowland areas (1/5 of the territories of East Asia), but also in mountain areas. These factors is a seaside position, is an amazing natural conditions, the combination of moist climate and fertile land, a dense network of rivers and lakes.
The result of centuries of anthropogenesis was the total change of the natural landscape, which gave way to the cultural, in some areas (especially Eastern China) has completely replaced the historically natural. Such landscapes, which are very specific to East Asia, and differing from the industrial landscapes of Western Europe, the flora is to the last drop remains predominantly agricultural.