Guide to Asia
Asia is the largest part of the world, which is bordered by three oceans and accommodates 53 countries worldwide. On the geographical map boundaries of the continent are the Ural ridge, the Straits of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, Caspian, Azov, Black and Marmara seas, as well as on the Large Caucasus. Asia is connected with Africa by the isthmus of Suez, and separated from North America by the Bering Strait.
Asia is the largest part of the world, which is bordered by three oceans and accommodates 53 countries worldwide. On the geographical map boundaries of the continent are the Ural ridge, the Straits of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, Caspian, Azov, Black and Marmara seas, as well as on the Large Caucasus. Asia is connected with Africa by the isthmus of Suez, and separated from North America by the Bering Strait. Together with Europe, it forms the largest continent of Eurasia.
In Asia are the highest mountain system and the highest point on Earth-mount Everest (Chomolungma, 8 872 meters). Mountains and plateaus occupy 3/4 of the territory of this continent. The main mountain systems remain the Himalayas, Tian Shan, Karakoram, Pamir, Hindu Kush, Kunlun, the greater Caucasus, the Altai and Sayan mountains.
More than diverse climatic features of the continent. Throughout Asia You’ll find the weather for any taste. If You want to end up in the environment of the humid tropics – follow to the Philippines, if you like heat — United Arab Emirates are waiting for You, I wanted snow – welcome to the North coast of Russia. Calm waters is pleased to offer Dead sea, rock-climbers Paradise will be in the area of mount Everest. Geographic center of the region traditionally considered the city of Irkutsk.
This region is extremely diverse and rich in various curiosities. For millennia, Asia has experienced the brutality of the primitive, the flourishing of great civilizations and their sunset, bloodthirsty hordes of nomads and destructive war, desolation and fertility, as well as the origin and development of major religious movements.
Asia was the birthplace of ancient agricultural civilizations that arose in Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia). In antiquity and during the middle Ages in Asia was the great migration of peoples, there was a movement of hordes of invaders, among whom were the Persians, Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Huns, Mongols and Turks. Great Asian cultures of India, Iran, China and the Middle East largely determined the course of world history.
It is in Asia that originated many creeds and cults, including the three world religions-Islam, Buddhism and Christianity. Extremely diverse number of religious monuments on the continent. There are numerous Buddhist monasteries, places connected with the earthly life of Christ, pagodas, stupas and mosques.
Modern Asia is the subject of the most careful tourist interest. Destinations such as Thailand, Turkey, the Maldives, India, UAE and Israel don’t even need any presentation. South Korea, Oman and Vietnam have been developing in terms of tourism and recreation. Countries in Asia offer their guests a coast of several seas and oceans, clean beaches with fine sand, top-notch hotels, bars and restaurants, Spa centres and thalassotherapy centres, as well as other attributes of a developed infrastructure.
Western Asia includes Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bahrain, Jordan, Iraq, Yemen, Israel, Qatar, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, UAE, Oman, Syria and Saudi Arabia.
South-East Asia is attributed to the territory with Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Brunei, Vietnam, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, East Timor and the Philippines.
South Asia includes the Indian subcontinent with the neighboring Islands.
Central Asia (Central or Front) includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
The middle East includes countries in West Asia (Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Qatar, UAE, Kuwait and Bahrain), as well as Afghanistan and Iran.
The Far East traditionally includes the Eastern part of China, both Koreas, Japan and the Russian far East.