Korea – Private psychologist Galina Pedic
Korea, as a state, was founded in the year 2333 BC. In those early years, long before the Christian era, the son of the gods of the Dangun, descended on fertile ground and, turned a bear into a beautiful woman, created a colony of Joseon. The Ancient Joseon or Joseon became the source of a future state of Korea. It is from the Ancient Joseon historians keep a record of the state of Korean. Until the tenth century the government was plagued by invaders, had crushed him to pieces and tortured. And only in 1392, formed a unified state of Koryo.
During the long years of oppression in the country in the most bizarre ways intertwined traditions, customs and beliefs of different cultures. So at present, there coexist freely and develop Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Christianity, slightly modified by the local way of life. However, the Koreans is that being a follower of one religion or another, they remain highly superstitious people who observe traditions and customs, and in particularly important moments of Korean will definitely seek help and advice from a local shaman.
The middle ages in the history of Korea was marked by protracted wars with Japan and Manchuria, which led to the decline of the economy and to the verge of the collapse of the country itself. Strict hierarchical traditions began to soften under the influence of time, the public service began to accept children of peasants and people from lower strata of society. Such concessions were justified in the difficult post-war period, but yielded negative results for Korean States. In the country amid the post-war “freedom” began to develop new trends, opposition to Confucianism, the country began to be shaken by a peasant revolt.
A huge influence on the development of Korean society was provided by the teaching of the famous Chinese sage Confucius. Confucianism in Korean society is the main cornerstone of family and public foundations and traditions. Confucianism teaches respect senior to Junior, reverence of a wife for her husband and obedience of subjects to their king. Strict lines of authority, respect for hierarchy and servility – are nurtured by Confucianism for centuries, and such a strict guidelines exist they still. Social status and level of education, age and experience – give a person a special position in Korean society.
In Korea, unlike many other countries of the world this area of knowledge, like psychology, have never been allocated in a separate branch. Existing currents of thought which were not of strong character, as it was in Europe, and was a single instances of the reference philosophers-individuals, followers of Confucianism, to the masses. Formed under the dominant influence of despotism, society has certain attributes that are combined the notion of the psychology society.
The Foundation of Korean society is still the family and family ties. Based on the principle of patrilineal, it requires unquestioning obedience to the head of the family (husband, father. ). Korean family clans hold sacred the memory of their ancestors, for family celebrations and other events without exception are obliged to arrive to the venue, where and what is the edge they are. The Supreme value of family relations is considered to be a faithful woman to the man, the wife to her husband, often the bride had remained faithful to their dead suitors to the end of his days.
An important manifestation of Confucianism, and high morals in the society is low crime. Korea is one of the few countries where the level of fraud is so low that even handbags in Korea for sale without familiar to Europeans the clasps, zips and clasps.
The development of science and education in Korea was limited to the study of Confucianism and in the first National University, founded in 992, the emphasis was on the study of the classical works of Confucius and the commentaries thereto, and the assessment of student skills was conducted on the examination on the basis of proficiency in Chinese calligraphy.
In the aristocratic society of Korea considered that the purpose of education is to prepare young people for subsequent public service. The main criterion of readiness were examinations in the Chinese classics. This tradition lasted until the end of the XIX century while Korea was on the path of modernization and rapid development.