Culture brief Japan

Culture of Japan evolved through a historical process that began with the migration of the ancestors of the Japanese people on the Japanese Islands from the continent and the Foundation of the culture of Jomon. In the current culture of Japan traces the influence of Asian countries (particularly Korea and China), North America and Europe.

Brief description of Japanese culture

On the culture and attitude of the Japanese population strongly influenced the country’s location, climate and terrain features, and in addition constant natural disasters (earthquakes and tsunami), which was reflected in a special reverence for Japanese nature as a living creature. The ability to admire the instant charm of nature is a characteristic feature of the Japanese mentality, and is reflected in Japanese art.

Japanese language and writing.

Japanese language at all times been an important part of the culture of Japan. Japanese is an agglutinative language and is distinguished difficult concept of the letter formed of three different types of kanji — Chinese characters kanji, the alphabet of syllables katakana and hiragana.

Kanji

The literature of Japan briefly

For a long time, the literature of Japan were impacted by the Chinese Empire, works of literature were also written in Chinese.

The first examples of Japanese literature are a collection of Japanese stories and myths of the “Kojiki” (“the Writings about the deeds of antiquity”) and the historical record, the Nihon Shoki (“Written with a brush the annals of Japan” or “Nihongi” — “Annals of Japan”) that were created in the Nara period (7 — 8th century). At the same time were written in poetic anthology “Manyoshu” ( “Collection of a myriad leaves”, 759 g) and “Kapuso”.

Popular and outside of Japan the types of the poetic styles of haiku. Waka and Tanka.

Haiku, the famous Japanese poet Basho:

The flowers have withered.

Spilling, falling seeds,

As if the tears…

Cinema

At first, in Japan, the cinema was considered unworthy of art, there was a dismissive attitude to people who rented fillmy. Popular cinema began only in the late 30-ies of the 20th century.

In 50-ies, 60-ies of the 20th century, the cinema of Japan has been actively developed. This period called “Golden age” of Japanese cinema. In 1950, it produced 215 films, and in 1960 their number reached 547. At the same time spread the genres of the political, historical movies, sci-Fi and action films, Japanese cinema was becoming famous all over the world. Famous Directors of that time — Akira Kurosawa, Shohei Imamura, Kenji Mizoguchi. More popular outside of Japan becomes the actor Toshiro Mifune, who played in almost all the films of Kurosawa.

In the 90-ies of the last century around the world becoming known Director and actor Kitano Takeshi.

“Seven samurai” Akira Kurosawa, who in 2010 took first place in the list of Empire magazine’s “100 best films of world cinema”

Anime and manga

Anime (Japanese animation) is widely known around the world. From other entertainment genres of anime is more focus on adult viewers. In the anime there is a subsidiary division into genres for a specific target audience. A measure for the separation are the age, sex or the psychological profile of a moviegoer. Often anime is filmed the Japanese manga, which also got great fame.

The main part of the manga is intended for adult audiences. According to the data of 2002 about 40 % of the total book market in Japan is comics with manga.

The anime “Princess Mononoke”, 1997

Clothing

In Japan there are two types of clothing — national — wafuku. and, worn in everyday life. Kimono (translated as “clothing, dress”) is a General name for any clothing in a wide sense and narrow — the shape of wafuku.

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