The Asians are the indigenous people of Asia
For Asians suffers from a number of specific features that allow to speak about “Asian type” population: a huge number of people, the sharp contrasts in their placement, to multi-national composition, predominance of rural population, specific powerful urbanization and migration.
Characteristics of the population of Asia
In Asia, home to more than 60% of the world population. The region is located in half of the countries with a population of more than 100 million people. This is because Asia has high absolute and relative rates of population growth. The absolute size of population growth the region has no rivals, and by relative it is second only to Africa. Especially the rapidly growing population of South-West Asia: twice as fast as the world average. Here are the”Champions” in the population growth rate of Yemen . Saudi Arabia . Oman . According to forecasts, in the next 50 years high rates of growth will be characteristic for the population of most Asian countries.
For Asia is characterized by extremely uneven distribution of the population: the vast majority of people in the region is concentrated only in a few areas.
The population density of Bangladesh is 960 people/km2, Mongolia is less than 2 persons/km2. Maximum population density is characteristic for small on territory of island Asia: Bahrain, Maldives (over 1000/km2) and Singapore.
Geographical mosaics – Singapore
Singapore is a small island state with a total area of about 700 km2. It is located on the homonymous relatively large island and 60 smaller Islands. In this limited space home to almost 5 million residents, so the population density of the state is extremely high and is nearly 7,000 persons/km2.
In Asia, home to more than 1000 peoples, some of whom are quite small and large. Several dozen Nations have a population of over 10 million people each and are among the largest in the world.
The vast majority of countries of foreign Asia refers to the multinational. 150 Nations live in India and Indonesia, about 100 — in the Philippines, more than 30 in Afghanistan, Iran.
Foreign Asia — the “male” region of the world. Age-old traditions and the resulting unequal status of men and women resulted in numerical superiority of men. The most significant absolute values of the preponderance of the male population in China and India, but relative is in oil-producing countries of southwest Asia (the reason — a massive labor immigration).
The ratio of urban and rural population of foreign Asia
Asia is often called the “global village”: in the countryside there are about 2.5 billion people, representing 65% of the population. A large portion of the rural population is concentrated in the largest economies — China, India, Indonesia. The most “rural” countries in the world where most of the population lives in the countryside, are Bhutan and East Timor.
One of the Asian paradox is that on “country background” the absolute number of urban population here is the largest in the world. In Asia most of the largest cities in the world and half of urban agglomerations -of” millionaires “.
A distinctive feature of Asian mega-cities — overcrowding. The density of the urban population amounts to several tens of individuals per square kilometer.
Another interesting feature of Asian cities — their venerable age. In Asia, in southern Mesopotamia arose the first cities. The most famous of them is Babylon, which already in the VII century BC had about 1 million inhabitants. It was later destroyed. Almost the same considerable age have of city India and China.
Historically, Asia is the most populous region of the world . It is characterized by sharp contrasts in the distribution of the population, most of which lives in the village, however, urbanization develops rapidly, and particularly rapidly growing city-giants. The population of foreign Asia is a complex mosaic of peoples and religions. This situation leads to many problems and even bloody ethnic and religious conflicts.