The Population of Japan. Japan, population, population density, employment, composition, standard of living, vosproizvodstvo, growth, dynamics, growth, challenges, much, indicators. Japan people
the population of Japan is far ahead of developed countries such as Germany, France, UK, Italy. In 2004 in Japan, there were 127.1 million people is the 7th in the world for population after China, India, USA, Indonesia, Brazil and Russia.
More recently, the demographic situation in Japan was characterized by extremely high natural growth. But since the late 70-ies as a result of the demographic policy, which was aimed at reducing the birth rate, natural growth rates decreased sharply (4 persons per 1000 inhabitants). And also decreased mortality rates as a result of raising living standards, improving medical services. Infant mortality in Japan is 0.04‰.
The life expectancy in Japan the highest in the world: men – 77 years women – 83 years.
In connection with the increasing life expectancy of people in recent decades an increasing part of people in older age groups. People aged over 65 years account for 17% of the total population. The decline in natural increase resulted in a decrease in the number of population of young age groups. Sex structure of the population of Japan is characterized by a predominance of women (around 52%). They make up a significant part of total employment in manufacturing (about 40%). This is much greater than in other highly developed countries.
Forecasts of Japanese scientists, the population of Japan in 2010 will reach 130 million people.
Economically active population comprises more than half the people in Japan. In the industry there are more than 1/3 in agriculture – 6%, in non-production sphere – 50% of total working age population. In recent years there have been significant changes in the employment structure by industry. Increased the number of people employed in manufacturing, services, construction, transport, dramatically decreased the number of people employed in agriculture and forestry, in mining. For Japan, the inherent relatively small number of unemployed (unemployment rate – 4.4% in 2000), which was explained as a high rate of economic development, and specific labor relations.
Japan is a country with a high population density. 1 km 2 average population of about 336 people, However the population density varies considerably across the territory. If in the North of Hokkaido, it is about 70 persons/km 2. in coastal areas in places exceeds 500 people/km 2. The country is characterized by high level of urbanization. Live in cities, about 80% of the population. In Japan 655 large cities, including 11 cities: Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Kawasaki, Kitakyushu, Hiroshima. The city, with minor exceptions, located on the coast and the plains. The rapid development of cities led to the formation of agglomerations. Especially larger sizes has acquired the Metropolitan agglomeration Keihin – 7 thousand km 2 (main cities: Tokyo, Yokohama, Kawasaki, Chiba), whose population is about 30 million people the Second largest – the great Hanshin agglomeration covers an area of 4.5 thousand km 2 with a population of 13 million inhabitants. The third is the agglomeration kernel Bale in Nagoya occupies an area of 3.2 thousand km 2. These three are the only Metropolitan area urbanized system of the Tokyo megalopolis.
In relation to the national population of Japan is homogeneous. The Japanese make up 99.4% of the population. Among the national minorities living in the country, highlighted the Koreans – about 700 thousand people, the Chinese, – 60 thousand Americans – 2.5 thousand people On the island of Hokkaido is home to a small number of nation Ainu (20 thousand people) – the remainder of an ancient tribe that inhabited the Japanese Islands. Over 1 million Japanese people live abroad, mainly in USA and Latin America.