General information on Japan
Japan is an island country, around the Eastern part of Asia. Japan consists of over 3,000 large and small Islands, the largest of which is – Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. The total area is km2 377.864. Being in a tectonically active area, the country is replete with natural hot springs, is subject to frequent volcanic eruptions, earthquakes. Sea and ocean lapping on all sides the country, form many natural bays and coves. Japan is divided into 8 regions (Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, and
Kyushu-Okinawa) and 47 prefectures administrative units). Because of the great length from North to South (25″ latitude), climatic conditions in different regions of the country differ markedly from each other. So, more than half of the year, the temperature on the Northern island of Hokkaido does not rise above 10°C, and in Okinawa, more than half of the year is above 25″C. The main part of the countries located in the temperate zone with favorable climate and rich greens.
Seasons steadily replaced every three months: spring — March to may, summer from June to August, autumn from September to November and winter from December to February. Each season has its advantages, but the best for traveling are spring and autumn.
The population of Japan is 126 million people (2001). A significant proportion of the total area of the country is covered with forests and mountains (over 80%), so the population density on the plains is great. Particularly high population density concentrated in Metropolitan areas in the industrialized Pacific coast — in regions: Kanto, including the capital Tokyo, kinki including Osaka, Kio, Kobe, and Chubu-Tokai with the center of Nagoya.
As a result of the revolution “Meiji” in 1868 overthrow of a 300 year old feudal government of the Tokugawa Shogunate and installed a constitutional monarchy. After the defeat in the second world war in 1945, Japan became a parliamentary democracy. The Parliament consists of two chambers — the house of representatives and house of councilors. The state government provides the Prime Minister, elected by Parliament, and the Cabinet of Ministers, comprising Ministers of state appointed by them. The Emperor is symbol of state and unity of the people and not interfere in politics.
You will be pleasantly surprised by the hospitality of the Japanese people. Even in the capital, with its mad pace of life, despite the language barrier, people from all forces will try to explain the road, using broken English and sign language. If you know English, feel free to use it, as in subway stations and railway timetable, city maps and metro, and also some of the employees, English speaking
Japanese culture is unique – there aren’t. It is based on pillars of Confucian morality: respect for elders, modesty, the ability to appreciate small pleasures of life, collectivism.
The Japanese all respect the order, so “no” (“Dame” or “ikemasen”) means “no” – and there’s nothing you can do about it. Do not try to change other people’s rules or request to make an exception for you, since it will put the Japanese in a difficult position.
Impeccable service and a highly developed infrastructure is another advantage of Japan, Even if you find yourself in a remote village, you will still find good roads, decent hotel, shops and machines “hambani” with drinks and cigarettes, and clean railway station.
Diligence and related diligence in all spheres of activity is an important feature of Japanese national character. The Japanese are given to work selflessly, with pleasure. Their sense of beauty they Express above all in the labor process. If Japanese tilling the soil, it is not just tilling the land, planting and care of plants, and that the aesthetics of labour, admiring the work, enjoy the labor process.